Frequently Asked Questions

Below are answers to a list of common questions related to the SRA Fire Prevention Fee.

What is the Fire Prevention Fee?
Assembly Bill X1 29 was approved by the California Legislature on June 15, 2011 and signed into law on July 7, 2011. The law established a new annual Fire Prevention Fee to pay for fire prevention services within the State Responsibility Area (SRA).  The Fire Prevention Fee is an annual fee assessed on owners of habitable structures on property located within the SRA.  The SRA is the area of the State where the State of California is financially responsible for the prevention and suppression of wildfires.  The SRA does not include lands within incorporated city boundaries or federally owned lands.

Who is responsible for paying the fee?
The person or agency responsible for paying the fee is the owner of record of a habitable structure as of July 1, on the county assessor rolls, or as recorded by the California Department of Housing and Community Development on July 1 of the state fiscal year in which the fee is due. This is the case regardless of whether the owner of record changes during the course of the fiscal year.

What is the State Responsibility Area (SRA)?
The State Responsibility Area includes state and privately-owned forest, watershed, and rangeland where the State of California has primary financial responsibility for the prevention and suppression of wildfires. SRA does not include lands within city boundaries or in federal ownership. SRA is determined under regulations of the Board of Forestry and Fire Protection (Board). The SRA definition can be found in Public Resources Code (PRC) 4126.

SRA forms one large area (over 31 million acres) to which CAL FIRE provides a basic level of fire prevention and protection services. Many areas receive augmented fire protection from local fire protection agencies.

What is a habitable structure?
A “habitable structure” is a building that contains one or more dwelling units or that can be occupied for residential use. Such structures provide independent living facilities for one or more persons, including provisions for living, sleeping, eating, cooking and sanitation. Examples would include single family homes, multi-dwelling structures, mobile and manufactured homes, and condominiums. Habitable structures do NOT include incidental buildings such as detached garages, barns, outdoor sanitation facilities, and sheds.

What about condominiums?
In a condominium complex, each owner has a separate parcel and would be assessed $150 per condominium, with a reduction of $35 per condominium if it is also within the boundaries of a local fire protection agency.

What about apartments?
In an apartment complex, the fee is $150 per apartment building (not per apartment unit), and with a reduction of $35 per apartment building if it is also within the boundaries of a local fire protection agency.

I own a mobile or manufactured home. What do I do if I receive more than one bill when I only have one home?
Only habitable structures, including mobile or manufactured homes, are assessed the fee, so homeowners who inadvertently receive two bills when they only have one mobile home are only required to pay one of the billings. A petition for redetermination should be submitted for the other billing WITHOUT making payment, but make sure to include the account number of both bills on all correspondence. If a fee is paid while concurrently submitting a petition for redetermination, payments made that are determined to be not due will be refunded.

What about other structures?
The current law does not provide for the fees to be charged to non-habitable structures such as businesses and offices. Also, incidental structures without living areas such as detached garages, barns, woodsheds and outbuildings are not assessed the fee.

How Were Habitable Structures Identified?
The owners of SRA habitable structures are identified by a joint effort between CAL FIRE and the Designated Fee Administrator (DFA) under contract to CAL FIRE. The DFA is a firm that specializes in the administration of benefit fees and other levies for governmental agencies throughout California. Determination of habitable structures, as required by state law, is technical and use of the DFA gains accuracy and efficiency.

CAL FIRE maintains boundaries of State Responsibility Areas (SRA) in a spatial database and has worked with the DFA to locate parcels and habitable structures that are within SRA boundaries. As part of its ongoing business, the DFA has statewide property data that comes from a variety of sources, including electronic parcel and mapping information. All of this information was used to identify habitable structures.

If a property owner feels that the information used to identify their habitable structures is incorrect, they should contact the Fire Prevention Fee Service Center directly because only the Service Center, which is part of the DFA, and CAL FIRE are responsible for the fee determinations. The DFA and CAL FIRE will also handle the review of any potentially incorrect fees or incorrect property information.

What is the amount of the fee?
The fee is assessed at the rate of $150 per habitable structure. However, owners of habitable structures that are within the boundaries of a local agency that provides fire protection services will receive a reduction of $35 per habitable structure. Residents in the SRA will receive the specific fee amount and exemptions (if any) on the fee billing notice.  On July 1, 2013, and annually thereafter, the Board of Forestry and Fire Protection shall adjust the fee as prescribed by law.

What if I cannot afford to pay the entire bill? Can I make payments?
The Board of Equalization offers a number of options to pay your bill.  To find out more information, please see their website at http://www.boe.ca.gov/sptaxprog/fire_prev_fee.htm or call them at 1-800-400-7115 Monday through Friday, from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., Pacific Time (excluding State holidays) to get more details. 

Please see the Board of Equalization’s website for questions about paying your fire fee liability at http://www.boe.ca.gov/sptaxprog/fire_prev_fee.htm.

When Will I Receive My Fire Prevention Fee Bill?
Billings will be mailed by county in alphabetical order. See the schedule for Fiscal Year 2013-14 for more details.

What does the fee pay for?
This fee funds a variety of important fire prevention services in the SRA. Such activities include fuel reduction activities that lessen the risk of wildfire to communities and evacuation routes. Other activities include defensible space inspections, fire prevention engineering, emergency evacuation planning, fire prevention education, fire hazard severity mapping, implementation of the State and local Fire Plans and fire-related law enforcement activities such as arson investigation.

How do I find out if my structure is within the SRA?
Visit the "State Responsibility Area Viewer" webpage.

Where will the money collected by the fee be used?
SRA forms one large area across California in which CAL FIRE provides a basic level of fire prevention services. Therefore, the funds will be expended on services and activities throughout the SRA.

Under what authority is this fee being charged?
In 2011, Assembly Bill AB X1 29 passed and established this fee. The California State Board of Forestry and Fire Protection was required to enact regulations to implement the fee. The Fire Prevention Fee is codified in law in the Public Resources Code 4210 et.seq. The Board of Forestry and Fire Protection has adopted (http://bofdata.fire.ca.gov/regulations/proposed_rule_packages/sra_fire_prevention_benefit_fee_2012/approved_sra_fee_language_march-2013.pdf) further defining the fee, how it is collected, and how it can be appealed.

Why is this fee being charged now to habitable structure owners in the SRA?
ABX1 29, provides the following legislative findings:

  • The presence of structures within SRA can pose an increased risk of fire ignition and an increased potential for fire damage within the state's wildlands and watersheds.
  • The presence of structures within SRA can also impair wildland firefighting techniques and could result in greater damage to state resources caused by wildfires.
  • The costs of fire prevention activities aimed at reducing the effects of structures upon State fire protection responsibilities in SRA should be borne by the owners of these structures.
  • Individual owners of structures within SRA receive a disproportionately larger benefit from fire prevention activities than that realized by the state's citizens generally.
  • It is necessary to impose a fire prevention fee upon individual owners of structures in SRA to fund fire prevention activities in those areas from which such owners derive a specific benefit.

What if I am already protected by another fire agency?
Owners of habitable structures within the SRA and also within the boundaries of a local agency that provides fire protection services receive a reduction of $35 per habitable structure.

I already pay for local fire protection, why do I need to pay this fee as well?
The law determines that the fee should be charged to the owners of habitable structures in the SRA in part because such habitable structure owners receive a disproportionately larger benefit from fire prevention services in SRA.  Historically, locally-funded fire protection services have arisen because residents want an increased level of fire protection services beyond those provided directly by CAL FIRE. Locally-funded fire protection services typically include elements of fire prevention. However, these are in addition to services provided by CAL FIRE across the entire SRA. The Fire Prevention Fee was established to fund some of the state fire services provided by CAL FIRE that directly benefit owners of structures in SRA.

How frequently are fees owed?
The fee is assessed annually on a fiscal year basis (July 1 June 30). How will the fees be collected? The law specifies that the Board of Equalization (BOE) will collect the fee. A billing notice will be mailed to property owners in the SRA each year, much like vehicle registration renewals. As specified by law, the BOE will collect the fee pursuant to the Fee Collection Procedures Law as found in Section 55001 et seq of the California Revenue and Taxation Code. When is the fee due? The fee is due within 30 days of the date on the billing notice.

What will happen if I don't pay the bill?
If you don't pay the total amount of your Fire Prevention Fee bill within 30 days of the date on the billing notice, the BOE will mail a late notice, which may include interest and penalties. The BOE may take other actions in order to collect any unpaid fees. For further information or to make payment arrangements, please visit the BOE website at www.boe.ca.gov or contact them directly at 1-800-400-7115.

Are there penalty or delinquency charges, if I do not pay the fee before the deadline? Yes. If you do not pay your fee prior to its due date, an additional 10% penalty may be added to your bill. In addition, interest may be added to the past due fee amount.

Why doesn't my County Assessor collect these fees?
The legislature designated the BOE to collect these fees. The Fire Prevention Fee funds activities statewide within all areas of the SRA.

I did not receive a bill, is a fee due from me now?
If you own a habitable structure in the SRA, you should receive a bill. The fee is not due until 30 days after the date printed on your bill. Fiscal Year 2012-13 bills are expected to be sent over a period of about 4 months starting in July of 2013.

My address has changed. What should I do?
If you received a bill from the BOE addressed to your old address, you can provide your new address with your bill payment. If you have moved since June 30, 2011 and think BOE may not have a current address, please contact the BOE at 1-800-400-7115 to notify them of your new address.

Can my fee be appealed?
The billing notice will include a phone number for property owners to call with questions and instructions for how to file an appeal. Under the Fire Prevention Fee law, an appeal is called a "Petition for Redetermination." According to regulations of the Board of Forestry and Fire Protection, fee payers wishing to appeal the fee must file a petition for redetermination within 30 days of receiving their bill. Based on its review of the petition for redetermination, the Department or its Designated Fee Administrator may or may not make adjustments to the amount of the fee, modify or eliminate it. A decision on the appeal must be made within 60 days of receipt of the petition. Typical reasons for an appeal would be such things as the habitable structure not being located within SRA, incorrect determination of the number of habitable structures, incorrect fire district inclusion, or other similar factors.

How do I appeal this fee?
The person named on the bill may file an appeal by completing a Petition for Redetermination. You may obtain the Petition for Redetermination form at www.firepreventionfee.org/Appeals. You can request that a form be mailed to you by calling 1-888-310-6447.

How much time do I have to make an appeal (file a Petition for Redetermination)?
Appeals (Petitions for Redetermination) must be filed with the Department of Forestry and Fire Protection or its representative within 30 days from the date of the original notice of determination. If a petition is sent by mail, it will be accepted if the post mark is within 30 days.

If I pay my fee and then appeal it (file a Petition for Redetermination), will my payment be refunded?
If you pay your fee and file a petition for redetermination, and it is determined the fee was charged in error or should have been charged at a lower amount, the fee for your account will be corrected accordingly. If the correction results in a credit balance on your account, the BOE will mail you a refund for the credit amount.

I do not own the property for which the fee is due. How do I get this resolved?
The person responsible for paying the fee for the 2012-2013 fiscal year is the owner of record as of July 1, 2012 on the County Assessor rolls, or as recorded in the records of the California Department of Housing and Community Development. This is the case regardless of whether the owner of record at that time is still the property owner now. The July 1st date is used because that is the same date used for the issuance of property tax bills. If you no longer own the property, you will not be subject to this fee for that particular property in future years.

Consequently, if you are listed as the owner of the property on the County Tax records or State Housing and Community Development Records as of July 1, 2012 you are subject to the fee, even if someone else owns the property now. If you did not own the property then or never owned it, file a Petition for Redetermination and indicate that this is the case. If it is subsequently determined that you are not subject to the fee, the billing will be canceled and any refunds that are due will be made.

SRA Questions

What is the basic law that describes SRA?
State law describes SRA in Sections 4125 4128 of the Public Resources Code. Specifically, Section 4126 says that SRA includes:

  • Lands covered wholly or in part by forests or by trees capable of producing forest products
  • Lands covered wholly or in party by timber, brush, undergrowth, or grass, whether of commercial value or not, which protect the soil from excessive erosion, retard runoff of water, or accelerate water percolation, if such lands are sources of water which is available for irrigation or for domestic or industrial use
  • Lands in areas which are principally used or useful for range or forage purposes, which are contiguous to other lands so defined. It is important to understand that lands in SRA are based on vegetative cover and natural resource values.

SRA includes state and privately-owned forest, watershed, and rangeland for which the primary financial responsibility of preventing and suppressing fires rests with the State. SRA does not include lands within city boundaries or in federal ownership. The lands are determined under regulations of the Board of Forestry and Fire Protection (Board). The SRA definition can be found in PRC 4126:

What do terms like "watershed" in the SRA law mean?
More precise information in determining which lands are in SRA are contained in a document entitled State Responsibility Area Classification System adopted pursuant to rule of the State Board of Forestry and Fire Protection. The Classification System delineates factors related to structural density, size of agricultural parcels, and specific watershed characteristics.

My structure is not in the SRA, so am I still subject to the fee?
If you think that your property is not within the SRA, you can research the approximate location at www.firepreventionfee.org/sra_viewer, or you can call the Fire Prevention Fee Service Center at 1-888-310-6447 and request that a Petition for Redetermination form be mailed to you. Alternatively, you may obtain the Petition for Redetermination form at www.firepreventionfee.org/Appeals. If it is subsequently determined that your structure was not within the SRA as of July 1, 2012, the fee billing will be canceled.

What kind of review will be done to see if my property can come out of SRA?
CAL FIRE conducts a statewide 5 year review of SRA maps as required by PRC 4125 to capture changes in land use, such as conversion in or out of agriculture, areas of densification due to development, and other relevant changes. SRA data are updated on a more frequent basis to capture annexations and changes in federal ownership that affect SRA status. The last statewide review was completed in 2010. Adjustments and special reviews may be made at more frequent intervals if major land-use changes occur or if inconsistencies are discovered in the CAL FIRE corporate Geographic Information System (GIS) data layer.

The first year of the Fire Prevention Fee Implementation has provided an opportunity for CAL FIRE to look at SRA through a slightly different lens. As a result, the need for a focused review of certain areas within the SRA was identified. CAL FIRE briefed the Board of Forestry and Fire Protection (Board) on the issue and all agreed that to serve the public, we needed to do an SRA Review and update the map. A focused review was conducted during the spring of 2013. Focus areas were primarily identified as a result of inconsistencies brought to the Department's attention through the Fire Prevention Fee Petition process and calls received by CAL FIRE and the fee administrator.

Will I have to pay the fee for fiscal year 2012/2013 if my property was removed from SRA as a result of the 2013 focused review?
Yes, the 2013 SRA changes were approved by the Board of Forestry and Fire Protection on May 8, 2013. This new SRA map will be used to determine structures in the SRA for the Fire Prevention Fee effective July 1, 2013; the 2014 bills will reflect these changes. Consequently, if you owned the property on July 1, 2012, you would be responsible for paying the fee in 2013 because the fee is assessed once a year on the owner of record as of July 1 of the fiscal year in which the fee is due.